Selected literature



Andersen E.S., Karlsmark T.,​Evaluation of four non-invasive methods for examination and characterization of pressure ulcers. Skin Research and Technology 2008; 14: 270-276.

Antonova M., Wienecke T., Olesen J., Ashina M., Prostaglandin E2 induces immediate migraine-like attack in migraine patients without aura. Cephalalgia 32 (11) 822-833.

Bamber J. C., Harland C. C., Gusterson B. A., Mortimer P. S.,​Correlation between histology and high

resolution echographic images of small skin tumors. Acoustical Imaging, vol. 19, Plenum Press, New York.

Béguin A.,​A novel micronutrient supplement in skin aging: a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatol. 2005, 4, 277-284.

C. Christ, R. Brenke, S. Sattler, W. Siems, A. Daser, Improvement in skin elasticity in the treatment of cellulite

and connective tissue weakness by means of Extracorporeal Pulse Activation Therapy: EPAT®. Aesthetic Surgery Journal, New York 2007.

Chifor R., Hedesiu M., Bolfa P., Catoi C., Crisan M., Serbanescu A., Badea A.F., Moga I., Badea M.E.,

The evaluation of 20 MHz ultrasonography, computed tomography scans as compared to direct microscopy for periodontal system assessment. Medical ULtrasonography 2011, Vol. 13, no. 2, 120-126.

Egekvist Henrik, Bjerring Peter, Arendt-Nielsen Lars, Regional variations in pain controlled mechanical skin

traumas from automatic needle insertions and relations to ultrasonography.

Skin Research and Technology 1999; 5: 247-254. ISSN 0909-752X.

Eisenbeiss C., Welzel J., Schmeller W., The influence of female sex hormones on skin thickness: evaluation

using 20 MHz sonography. British Journal of Dermatology 1998; 138: 00-00.

Fink J. S., Mermelstein H., Thomas A. S., Trow R. K. G., The Use of intense pulsed light via quadra Q4

platinum as a potential treatment for cellulite: a pilot study. Quadra Q4 Platinum IPL Therapy, Febr. 2005.

Fornage Bruno D.,​Current status of musculoskeletal sonography. Applied Radiology October 1991

Fornage Bruno D., Duvic Madeleine,​High-frequency sonography of the skin. Journal of the European

Academy of Dermatology & Venereology 3 (1994) 47-55.

Fornage Bruno D., MD, McGavran H., MD,​Duvic Madeleine, MD, Waldron Charlene A., RDMS. Imaging of

the Skin with 20-MHz US1, Radiology 1993;189:69-76.

Gniadecka M., Gniadecki R., Serup J., Søndergaard J.,​Ultrasound Structure and Digital Image Analysis of

the Subepidermal Low Echogenic Band in Aged Human Skin: Diurnal Changes and Interindividual Variability.

J. Invest Dermatol 102:362-365, 1994.

Gniadecka M., Jemec G. B. E.,​Quantitative evaluation of cronological ageing and photoageing in vivo:

studies on skin echogenicity and thickness. British Journal of Dermatology 1998; 138:00-00.

Gniadecka M., Quistorff B.,​Assessment of dermal water by high-frequency ultrasound: comparative studies with nuclear magnetic resonance. British Journal of Dermatology 1996; 000: 00-00.

Gniadecka Monika, Effects of ageing on dermal echogenicity. Skin Research and Technology 2001; 7: 204-207.

Gniadecka Monika, Dermal Oedema in Lipodermatosclerosis: Distribution, Effects of Posture and Compressive Theraphy Evaluated by High-frequency Ultrasonography. Acta Derm Venerol (Stockh.)74 1994;00: 000-000.

Gniadecka Monika,​Localization of dermal edema in lipodermatosclerosis, lymphedema, and cardiac insufficiency. Journal American Academy Dermatology 1996;35:37-41.

Gniadecka Monika., Serup Jørgen., Søndergaard J.,​Age-related diurnal changes of derma oedema: evaluation by high-frequency ultrasound. British Journal of Dermatology (1994) 131, 849-855.

Groß U., Suter L., Hundeiker M., Die 20 MHz-Sonographie als Hilfe bei der Planung der Therapie von Hauttumoren. Akt. Dermatol. 19 (1993) 32-35.

Hachikabe M., Ohtsuka T., Yamazaki S., Quantitative echographic analysis of photochemotherapy on systemic sclerosis skin.Arch dermatol Res (2005) 296: 522-527.

Harland C. C., Bamber J. C., Gusterson B. A., Mortimer P. S., High frequency, high resolution B-scan

ultrasound in the assessment of skin tumours. British Journal of Dermatology (1993) 128, 000-000 paper 866.

Harland C. C., Kale S.G., Jackson P., Mortimer P. S., Bamber J. C., Differentiation of common benign

pigmented skin lesions from melanoma by high-resolution ultrasound. British Journal of Dermatology 2000: 143: 1-10.

Hu D., Phan T. T., Cherry G. W., Ryan T. J.,​Dermal oedema assessed by high frequency ultrasound in venous

leg ulcers. British Journal of Dermatology 1998; 138: 00-00.

Jovanovic D.L., Pesic Z.U., Preoperative skin tumor thickness determination by high-frequency ultrasound on head and neck region. JEADV 2013, 27, 251-253.

Kieffer M. E., Efsen J.,​Imedeen® in the treatment of photoaged skin: an efficacy and safety trial over 12 months. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 11 (1998) 129-136.

Kolbe L., Stoudemayer T., Kligman A. M.,​Assessment of the atrophogenicity of corticosteroids to human skin using non-invasive methods. Skin Research and Technology 1998; 4: 167-173, ISSN 0909-752X

Laurent P., Bonnet S., Alchas P., Regolini P., Mikszta J.A., Pettis R., Harvey N.G., ​Evaluation of the clinical performance of a new intradermal vaccine administration technique and associated delivery system. Vaccine 25 (2007) 8833-8842.

Li X., Petrini L., Defrin R., Madeleine P., Arendt-Nielsen L.,​High resolution topographical maping of warm

and cold sensitivities. Clinical Neurophysiology 119 (2008) 2641-2646.

Lee H. K., Seo Y. K., Baek J. H., Koh J. S.,​Comparison between ultrasonography(DermaScan C ver. 3) and transparancy profilometry Skin Visiometer SV600). Skin Research and Technology 2008; 14: 8-12.

Lucassen G. W., van der Sluys L. N., van Herk J. J., Nuijs A. M., Wierenga P. E., Barel A. O., Lambrecht R.,​The effectiveness of massage treatment on cellulite as monitored by ultrasound imaging. Skin Research and Technology 1997;3: 154-160, ISSN 0909-752X.

Nielsen T., Iversen H., Tfelt-Hansen P., Olesen J.,​Small arteries can be accurately studied in vivo using high frequency ultrasound. Ultrasound in Med. & Biol. Vol 19. No. 9. pp. 717-725, 1993.

Nitsche N., Iro H., Hofmann K., Ultraschalldiagnostik der äußeren Nase. HNO (1992) 40:181-185,

© Springer-Verlag 1992.

Nitsche N., Strasser G. M., Hoffmann K., Hilbert M., Arnold W., Neue Aspekte der Hochfrequenzsonographie. Otorhinolaryngol Nova 1993;3:155-160.

Overgaard Olsen L. Takiwaki H., Serup J., High-frequency ultrasound characterization of normal skin, Skin thickness and echographic density of 22 anatomical sites.

Polanska A., Danzak-Pazdrowska A., Silny W., Wozniak A., Maksin K., Jenerowicz D., Janicka-Jedynska M., Comparison between high-frequency ultrasonography (DermaSCan C Ver. 3) and Histopathology in atopic dermatitis. Skin Research and Technology 2013; 0: 1-6.

Rippon M. G., Springett K., Walmsley R., Patrick K., Millson S.,​Ultrasound assessment of skin and wound

tissue: comparison with histology. Skin Research and Technology ISSN 0909-752X, © Munksgaard, 1998.

Rippon M. G., Springett K., Walmsley R.,​Ultrasound evaluation of acute experimental and cronic clinical

wounds. Skin Research and Technology 1999; 5: 228-236. ISSN 0909-752X.

Sandby-Møller J., Wulf H.C., Ultrasonic subepidermal low-echogenic band, dependance of age and body site.​

Skin Research and Techn. 2004; 10: 57-63.

Schou A.J., Heuck C., Wolthers O.D.,​ Ultrasound of Skin in Prednisone-induced Short-term GrowthSuppression. Journal of Pediatric Endocrin. & Metabolism, 16, 973-980 (2003).

Schou A.J., Plomgaard A.M., Thomsen K., Wolthers O.D.,​ Lower leg growth suppression caused by inhaled glucocorticoids is not accompanied by reduced thickness of cutis or subcutis (2003).

Schou A.J., Plomgaard A.M., Wolthers O.D., ​Methodological Aspects of High Frequency Ultrasound of Skin in Children. Skin Research and Technology 2004; 10: 200-206.

Seidenari S., Di Nardo A.,​ B Scanning Evaluation of Allergic Reactions with Binary Transformation and Image Analysis. Acta Derm Venerol (Stockh.) 71 1992;Suppl. 175:3-7.

Seidenari S., Di Nardo A., Pepe P. Giannetti A.,​B scanning for assessment of allergic patch test reactions.

Seidenari S., Pagnoni A., Di Nardo A., Giannetti A.,​Echographic Evaluation with Image Analysis of Normal Skin: Variations according to Age and Sex. Skin Phamacol 1994;7:201-209.

Serup Jørgen, Jemec G. B. E.,​Non-Invasive Methods and the Skin. Int. std. book no.: 0-8493-4453-0.

Serup Jørgen,​Ten Years´ Experience with High-Frequency Ultrasound Examination of the Skin: Development and Refinement of Technique and Equipment, Ultrasound in Dermatology, © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992.

Troilius Agneta, Svendsen Gunnar, Ljunggren Bo, Ultrasound Investigation of Port Wine Stains, Acta Derm Venereol. (Stockh) 2000; 80: 196-199.

Van Den Kerckhove E., Staes F., Flour M., Stappaerts K., Boeckx W., Reproducibility of repeated measurements on post-burn scars with DermaScan C. Skin Research and Technology 2003; 9: 81-84.

Volikova A.I., Edwards J., Stacey M.C., Wallace H.J., High frequency ultrasound measurement for assessing post-thrombotic syndrome and monitoring compression therapy in chronic venous disease. J Vasc Surg 2009;50:820-5.​

Tewl, Hydration & Elasticity

Akasaka T., Yoshida A., Fujino H., Fukuda S., Takeuchi T., Katsuzaki N., The effect of a mineral oil base in cosmetics on the physiological function of the skin.​J. Iwate med. Ass. Vol. 54, No.2 (June 2002) pp. 151-162.

Akasaka T., Yoshida A., Fukuda S., Takeuchi T., Katsuzaki N., Yearly changes in the physiological function of the skin.​Environ Dermatol 9: 1-10, 2002.

Barai N.D., Boyce S.T., Hoath S.B., Visscher M.O., Kasting G.B., Improved barrier function observed in cultured skin substitutes developed under anchored conditions. Skin Research and Technology 2008; 14: 418-424.

Clemmensen A., Andersen F., Petersen T.K., Kalden H., Melgaard A., Andersen K.E., The Irritant potential of n-propanol (nonanoic acid vehicle) in accumulative skin irritation: a validation study of two different human in vivo test models. Skin Research and Technology 2008; 14: 277-286.

Goon A.T., Yosipovitch G., Chan Y., Goh C., Barrier repair in chronic placque-type psoriasis. Skin Research and Technology 2004; 10: 10-13.

Cohen J.C., Hartman D.G., Garofalo M.J., Basehoar a., Raynor B., Ashbrenner E., Akin F.J., Comparison of closed chamber and open chamber evaporimetry. Skin Research and Technology 2009; 15: 51-54.

Grove Gary L., Grove Mary Jo, Zerweck Charles, Pierce Elizabeth,​Comparative metrology of the evaporimeter and the DermaLab®​TEWL probe. Skin Research and Technology 1999;5: 1-8, ISSN 0909-752X.

Grove Gary L., Grove Mary Jo, Zerweck Charles, Pierce Elizabeth,​Computerized evaporimetry using the DermaLabÒ TEWL probe. Skin Research and Technology 1999;5: 9-13, ISSN 0909-752X.

Häntschel D., Wiskott T., Falkenhagen K., Gorath M. Degwert J., ​Investigation of the skin moisture directly at the human scalp covered with hair. Poster 111 22nd IFSCC Congress, Edingburgh 2002.

Jemec Gregor B. E., Gniadecka Monika, Jemec Barbara,​Measurement of skin mechanics. Skin Research and Technology 1996; 2: 164-166. ISSN 0909-752X.

Jemec Gregor B. E., Jemec Barbara, Jemec Borut I. E., Serup Jørgen, The Effect of Superficial Hydration on the Mechanical Properties of Human Skin in Vivo: Implications for Plastic Surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, January 1990, Vol. 85, No. 1.

Nielsen Lene Feldskov, Blume Niels, Romme Tina, Samuelsen Peter, Everland Hanne, Ifversen Peter, Karlsmark Tonny,​Skin changes induced by a zinc oxide dressing compared with a hydrcolloid dressing in healthy individuals. Skin Research and Technology 2005; 11: 140-151.

Olsen L. Overgaard, Jemec Gregor B. E.,​The Influence of Water, Glycerin, Paraffin Oil and Ethanol on Skin Mechanics. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh) 1993; 73: 404-406.

Serup Jørgen, Northeved Allan,​Skin Elasticity in Localized Scleroderma (Morphoea). Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp 52-62, 1985.

Serup Jørgen, Northeved Allan,​Skin Elasticity in Psoriasis. Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp 318-324, 1995.

Serup Jørgen,​Localized Scleroderma (Morphoea). Acta Dermato-Venereologica Suppl. 122, ISSN 0365-8341, ISBN 87-982118-1-1.

Tagami Hachiro, Kanamaru Yuko, Inoue Kunio, Suehisa Shoko, Inoue Fumio, Iwatsuki Keiji, Yoshikuni Kohdo, Yamada Mizuho.Water Sorption-desorption Test of the Skin in Vivo for Functional Assessment of the Stratum Corneum. The Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 78: 425-428, 1982. 0022-202X/82/7805-0425.

Tagami Hachiro,​Electrical Measurement of the Water Content of the Skin Surface. Cosmetics and Toiletries, Vol. 97. No. 6., P. 39.

Tagami Hachiro, Measurement of Electrical Conductance and Impedance. Non-Invasive Methods and the Skin. ISBN 0-8493-4453-0/95.


Bjerring P., Andersen P. H., Skin reflectance spectrophotometry. Photodermatology 1987, 4, 167-171.

Bjerring P., Andersen P. H.,​Spectral reflectance of human skin in vivo. Photodermatol Photoimmunol Photomed 1990: 7: 5-12.

Cui W., Ostrander L. E., Lee B. Y.,​In vivo reflectance of blood and tissue as a function of light wawelength. IEEE Transact. Biomed. Eng. 1990, 37, no.6.

Dawson J. B., Barker D. J., Ellis D. J., Grassam E., Cotterill J. A., Fisher G. W., Feather J. W.,​A theoretical and experimental study of light absorption and scattering by in vivo skin. Phys. Med. Biol., 1980, Vol. 25 No. 4, 695-709.

Diffey B. L., Oliver R. J., Farr P. M.,​A portable instrument for quantifying erythema induced by ultraviolet radiation. British Journal of Dermatology1984; 111, 663-672.

Draaijers L. J., Tempelman F. R. H., Botman Y. A. M., Kreis R. W., Middelkoop E., Van Zuijlen P. P. M., ​Colour evaluation in scars: tristimulus colorimeter, narrow-band simple reflectance meter or subjective evaluation. Burns 30 (2004) 103-107.

Fullerton A., Fischer T., Lahti A., Wilhelm K. P., Takiwaki H., Serup J., Guidelines for measurement of skin colour and erythema. Contact Dermatitis, 1996, 35, 1-10; ISSN 0105-1873.

Jemec Gregor B. E., Johansen Jeanne D., Erythema-index of clinical patch test reactions. Skin Research and Technology 1995; 1: 00-00, ISSN 0168-8278.

Kollias N., Baqer A. H.,​Quantitative assessment of UV-induced pigmentation and erythema., Photodermatology 1988: 5: 53-60

Kollias N., Baqer A., Spectroscopic characteristics of human melanin in vivo. Journal of Investigatuve Dermatology 1985; 85, 593-601.

Shriver M, Parra E.J., Comparison of Narrow-Band Reflectance Spectroscopy and Tristimulus Colometry for Measurements of Skin and Hair Color in Persons of Different Biological Ancestry. Am J of Phys Anthropology 112:17-27 (2000).

Takiwaki Hirotsuga, Serup Jørgen, Variation in Color and Blood Flow of the Forearm Skin during Orthostatic Maneuver. Skin Pharmacol 1994; 7: 226-230.

Takiwaki Hirotsugu, Overgaard Lina, Serup Jørgen,​Comparison of Narrow-Band Reflectance Spectrophotometric and Tristimulus Colorimetric Measurements of Skin Color. Skin Pharmacol 1994; 7:217-225.

Troilius A., Ljunggren B.,​Evaluation of Port Wine Stains by Laser Doppler Perfusion Imaging and Reflectance Photometry before and after Pulsed Dye Laser Treatment. Acta Derm Venereol (Stockh.) 1996; 76: 291-294.

Troilius A., Ljunggren B.,​Reflectance spectrophotometry in the objective assessment of the dye laser-treated port-wine stains. British Journal of Dermatology 1995; 132: 245-250.

van der Wal M, Bloemen M, Verhaegen P, Tuinebreijer W, de Vet H, van Zuijlen P, Middelkoop E.J.,​ Objective Color Measurements: Clinimetric Performance of Three Devices on Normal Skin and Scar Tissue. Burn Care Res. 2013 May/June;34(3):e187-e194.


Dawber R., Colver G., Jackson A., Cutaneous cryosurgery, principles and clinical practice, second edition. Martin Dunitz Ltd. 1992, 1997, ISBN 1 85317 430 0.

Graham G. F.,​ Cryosurgery for acne. Chapter from Epstein, E. and Epstein E. Jr.: Skin surgery, ed. 5, Springfield III. 1982, Charles C. Thomas, Publisher.

Graham G. F.,​ Statistical data on malignant tumors in cryosurgery: 1982. J. Dermatol. Surg. Oncol. 9:3 March 1983.

Kuflik E. G., Gage A. A.,​ Cryosurgical treatment for skin cancer. Igaku-Shoin 1990, ISBN 0-89640-157-X.

Paola P., ​Cryosurgery - A Practical Manual. Springer-Verlag 2015, ISBN 978-3-662-43938-8.

Tore D.,​ Cutaneous cryosurgery: Current state of the art. J. Dermatol. Surg. Oncol. 11:3 March 1985.